Abdominal Muscle Strain
What is an abdominal muscle strain?
A strain is a stretch or tear of a muscle or tendon. People commonly call such an injury a "pulled" muscle. Your abdominal muscles may be strained during a forceful activity.
How does it occur?
During a vigorous activity, such as lifting or even hard coughing or sneezing, these muscles may become strained.
What are the symptoms?
There will be pain over the abdominal muscles.
At times these muscles may be torn. A tear all the way through the muscles and the covering of the abdomen (called the fascia) may result in an abdominal wall hernia. In a hernia, some of the contents of the belly (intestines and connective tissue) protrude through the tear and cause a bulge in the abdominal wall.
How is it diagnosed?
Your doctor will examine your abdomen. Your doctor will ask you to do an exercise such as a sit-up or abdominal "crunch," and this will reproduce some of your symptoms. If you have a hernia, your doctor will be able to feel and see a bulge in your abdomen.
How is it treated?
After your initial injury, you should apply ice to the strained muscle for 20 to 30 minutes every 3 to 4 hours for 2 to 3 days or until the pain goes away. Your doctor may prescribe an anti-inflammatory medication. If you have an abdominal hernia you may need surgery to correct this problem.
When can I return to my sport or activity?
The goal of rehabilitation is to return you to your sport or activity as soon as is safely possible. If you return too soon you may worsen your injury, which could lead to permanent damage. Everyone recovers from injury at a different rate. Return to your activity will be determined by how soon your abdominal muscles recover, not by how many days or weeks it has been since your injury occurred. In general, the longer you have symptoms before you start treatment, the longer it will take to get better.
You may return to your activity when you can bend at the waist to touch your toes and straighten back up without pain. You should be able to do a sit-up or abdominal crunch without pain. If you have a hernia, be cautious about doing strenuous abdominal activities and talk to your doctor about having it repaired.
How can I prevent abdominal muscle strains?
Abdominal muscle strains are best prevented by having well toned abdominal muscles prior to vigorous activities. You can accomplish this by doing sit-ups or abdominal crunches or by using one of the popular abdominal exercise machines. It is important not to overdo it when beginning your exercise program. When lifting heavy objects it is important to lift correctly, with knees bent and your back and abdomen straight.
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